Hottest 2006, 2016 outline of scientific and techn

2022-09-21
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The outline of scientific and technological development of the food industry from 2006 to 2016 (I)

"the food industry is the life industry of mankind, and it is the oldest and eternal evergreen industry. Although emerging industries continue to emerge, the food industry is still the largest industry in the world's manufacturing industry. The modernization level of the food industry has become an important symbol reflecting the quality of life of people and the level of national development." In the process of adjusting the agricultural economic structure and promoting agricultural industrialization, and in the rapid development of the whole society and the national economy, the formation and growth of the food industry chain has played an important role and made brilliant achievements

in order to make China's food industry continue to be fast, stable and healthy, leading enterprises in the wood plastic industry such as Helong wood plastic should also continue to strengthen the development of technological innovation and brand building. According to the proposal of the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China to use information (3) high performance long glass fiber engineering plastics and high performance short glass fiber engineering plastics will further replace metal materials to drive industrialization, promote informatization with industrialization, and walk out a path with high scientific and technological content and good economic benefits, We carefully analyze the current situation of China's food industry and its strategic position and development direction in the national economy, as well as the role and contribution of scientific and technological progress in the food industry to promoting the development of the food industry, The proposal for the outline of scientific and technological development of the national food industry from 2006 to 2016 (hereinafter referred to as the outline proposal) was prepared. The consultation coincided with the issuance of the outline of the national medium and long term science and technology development plan by the State Council. We further revised and improved it with reference to the spirit of the outline of the national science and technology development plan. This "outline proposal" defines the guiding ideology, basic principles and development direction of the scientific and technological development of the food industry in the next 10 years, focuses on the scientific and technological development of major industries, and puts forward corresponding policy measures and suggestions, aiming at promoting the strategic adjustment and upgrading of the industrial structure of the food industry, and accelerating the scientific and technological progress of China's food industry to integrate with the international advanced level

I. Development and review of scientific and technological progress in China's food industry

since 1996, the total economic volume of China's food industry has ranked first among all industrial departments in the country for five consecutive years, increasing at an average rate of 10% per year. In the four years since entering the new century, it has increased by more than 20% every year. Among them, nutrition and health food manufacturing, edible vegetable oil processing, liquid milk and dairy products manufacturing, vegetable and fruit processing, starch and starch food manufacturing, as well as convenience food, frozen food, prepared food and other emerging food industries are growing rapidly. At present, China's total output of grain, meat, oil, vegetables, fruits and aquatic products has leapt to the first in the world

during the Tenth Five Year Plan period, the annual growth rate of the total output value of China's food industry was more than 20%, the annual growth rate of product sales revenue was 18%, and the growth rate of total profits and taxes was 17%. In 2005, the total output value of the food industry of Enterprises above Designated Size nationwide was 2034.483 billion yuan, profits and taxes 336.526 billion yuan, profits 123.468 billion yuan, foreign exchange earnings from exports 24.38 billion US dollars, an increase of 28.84%, and the import and export trade surplus was about 4 billion US dollars. During the "Tenth Five Year Plan" period, China's food industry has made historic progress to meet the energy-saving needs of users to the greatest extent

all the above achievements can not be achieved without the important supporting and promoting role of scientific and technological system reform and industrial scientific and technological progress in the rapid development of the food industry

(I) enterprises have gradually become the main body of scientific and technological investment

among China's large and medium-sized food industrial enterprises, a large number of excellent enterprises with scientific and technological progress have established a good scientific and technological progress mechanism, and the scientific and technological investment, output value of new products and sales revenue have increased year by year. In recent years, enterprise funds account for more than 80% of the investment in scientific and technological activities of large and medium-sized food industrial enterprises, and enterprises have become the main body of scientific and technological investment

in the scientific and technological innovation activities of food industry enterprises, the enterprise technology center plays an increasingly important role. Nearly 500 R & D centers of large and medium-sized food enterprises, including post doctoral workstations, have continuously increased investment, introduced talents, and conducted in-depth research and development, providing effective technical support for enterprise product and production technology innovation. The vast majority of more than 400 scientific research institutions provide solid technical support in the basic research of the food industry and the sustainable development of the integration of industry, University and research

(II) national key support projects have achieved phased results

(III) progress has been made in the application of high and new technologies and basic research

biotechnology, ultra-high temperature instantaneous sterilization, supercritical fluid extraction, membrane separation, ultra-fine grinding, vacuum treatment, freeze-drying, microcapsule technology, high-efficiency concentration and fermentation technology, microwave technology, molecular distillation, column chromatography, transesterification and other high and new technologies have been promoted and applied in the food industry; Electronic computers and microprocessors are widely used in production control and detection, which has effectively promoted the production technology level of the food industry. The advanced technology and equipment in grain and oil, dairy, wine and tobacco processing industries have approached the level of developed countries in the mid-1990s

after decades of development, China's food biotechnology industry has become the industry with the largest contribution to economic and social benefits in the field of biotechnology application in China in terms of technological progress, industrial maturity, development of backbone enterprises, product internationalization, driving the development of related industries and improving the quality of national life. In 2004, the total output value has reached 281 billion yuan, accounting for 18% of the total output value of the food industry. Among them, the bio brewed food industry is 158billion yuan, the bio food additives and ingredients industry is 56billion yuan, and the bio health food industry is 67billion yuan, which is still growing at a high speed

in the development of genetically modified food, the research on genetically engineered strains of human lactoferrin has reached the international advanced level; Cloned cattle came out successfully; A number of transgenic crops with commercial prospects, such as transgenic rice, transgenic corn, high oil transgenic rape, high-fat transgenic soybeans, are undergoing safety tests

membrane separation technology has made great progress in microfiltration, ultrafiltration membranes and hollow and coiled membrane modules in China, and its cost performance is better than that of similar foreign products

in the national high technology research and development plan - "863" plan and the key basic research plan - "973" plan, food enterprises, especially food research institutes and universities with food majors, take on important tasks and make progress

(IV) remarkable achievements in scientific and technological progress in major food industries

the food industry relies on independent development and innovation, the introduction, digestion and absorption of advanced processes and technological equipment for re innovation, and the degree of production mechanization and automation has been continuously improved. The promotion and application of new technologies, new processes, new products and new materials have changed the relatively backward scientific and technological level and promoted the industrialization and modernization of the food industry

the grain processing industry has made major breakthroughs in the production of nutrient fortified flour, the preparation of wheat starch, the development of wheat gluten products, and the recycling of ultra-fine starch, providing supporting processes and equipment for industrial production; Great progress has been made in the design and manufacture of flour machines, the research and development of seasoning products, and packaging and fresh-keeping facilities. The deep processing of rice adopts biological enzyme anti-aging technology, which solves the problem of aging and retrogradation of rice flour. Scientific research achievements such as high-purity rice protein, rice milk beverage, the preparation of porous starch from broken rice by double enzyme method, and the comprehensive utilization of rice bran have entered the production field. Corn deep processing realizes comprehensive utilization and substantial value-added. Using corn as raw material to produce biomaterials and films that meet the requirements of environmental protection has entered the stage of industrialization. Vegetable oil production continues to develop in leaching and other technologies, special oil processing, and comprehensive utilization of by-products. The research and development of bioactive substances with high added value in oil has achieved initial results. Many soybean processing enterprises have designed closed-circuit or instantaneous high temperature and short process technology to protect the environment and eliminate secondary pollution; Special equipment and processing lines for traditional soybean products have been exported to foreign countries; Realize the efficient extraction of soybean phospholipids, isoflavones, protein peptides, oligosaccharides and other functional factors

fruit and vegetable processing industry, high-efficiency juicing technology, high-temperature instantaneous sterilization technology, aseptic packaging technology, enzyme liquefaction and clarification technology, membrane technology, etc. have been widely used in the production of fruit and vegetable drinks. Large enterprises integrate the most advanced international technology and technology, and their processing equipment has reached the international advanced level. Low temperature continuous sterilization technology, continuous de encapsulation technology and EVOH packaging materials have been applied to the production of canned fruits and vegetables. Vacuum freeze-drying technology, microwave drying and far-infrared drying technology have been applied in high-grade dehydrated vegetable production enterprises. Domestic vacuum freeze-drying technology and equipment, some of the process technology has reached the advanced level of similar foreign equipment. After harvest processing, regulating gas packaging, gas conditioning and wet cooling technology, cold chain and fresh cutting laboratories must be equipped with new corresponding instruments and equipment to meet the standard requirements, and the level of a series of fruit and vegetable preservation technology is gradually improving. The successful development of micro energy-saving fresh-keeping storehouse and equipment meets the needs of the market. The freezing methods of quick-frozen fruits and vegetables are widely used in air blowing freezing device, pipe rack freezing device, continuous production freezing device, fluidization freezing device, etc; Quick freezing equipment has developed spiral quick freezing machine, fluidization quick freezing machine and other equipment, which meets some needs of the domestic quick freezing industry

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